Hurricane Camille, the third most powerful hurricane of the 20th century, reached landfall. It was also the first Category 5 hurricane to be given a name. Camille killed 259 people and caused $1.42 billion in damages, in 1969 dollars ($8.89 billion today).
Listen here to Bela Fleck and Flecktones perform their song entitled Hurricane Camille.
View a video of the devastation in the short film entitled "A Lady Called Camille" (or at this link):